Black Slaves, Indian Masters



From The Late Eighteenth Century Through The End Of The Civil War, Choctaw And Chickasaw Indians Bought, Sold, And Owned Africans And African Americans As Slaves, A Fact That Persisted After The Tribes Removal From The Deep South To Indian Territory The Tribes Formulated Racial And Gender Ideologies That Justified This Practice And Marginalized Free Black People In The Indian Nations Well After The Civil War And Slavery Had Ended Through The End Of The Nineteenth Century, Ongoing Conflicts Among Choctaw, Chickasaw, And U.S Lawmakers Left Untold Numbers Of Former Slaves And Their Descendants In The Two Indian Nations Without Citizenship In Either The Indian Nations Or The United States In This Groundbreaking Study, Barbara Krauthamer Rewrites The History Of Southern Slavery, Emancipation, Race, And Citizenship To Reveal The Centrality Of Native American Slaveholders And The Black People They Enslaved Krauthamer S Examination Of Slavery And Emancipation Highlights The Ways Indian Women S Gender Roles Changed With The Arrival Of Slavery And Changed Again After Emancipation And Reveals Complex Dynamics Of Race That Shaped The Lives Of Black People And Indians Both Before And After Removal.Black Slaves, Indian Masters

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  • Hardcover
  • 232 pages
  • Black Slaves, Indian Masters
  • Barbara Krauthamer
  • English
  • 15 August 2017
  • 9781469607108

10 thoughts on “Black Slaves, Indian Masters

  1. says:

    That many Native Americans once owned African American slaves is, or should be, common knowledge That most of these slave owners belonged to the Five Civilized Tribes of the southeast should come as no surprise That their slaves experiences differed in some respects from those of white owners should not surprise us either, but until quite recently few historians have studied those experiences in depth Barbara Krauthamer s BLACK SLAVES, INDIAN MASTERS provides a thoughtful study of this subject It is particularly useful because the author focuses on two Indian nations, the Chickasaws and Choctaws, who generally receive little scholarly attention, and because she discusses African American lives both before and after Indian Removal the usual stopping point for studies of southeastern Indians , and indeed all the way to the twentieth century.Krauthamer follows other ethnohistorians like Alexandra Harmon in observing that the Chickasaws and Choctaws had developed thoroughly commercial societies by the early 1800s The two nations sold food and livestock to whites in order to accumulate capital, which many spent on farming improvements and slaves Tribal land sales also financed the purchase of bondsmen many Chickasaws, for instance, sold the land allotments th...

  2. says:

    Black Slaves, Indian Masters was set up to be a look at the racial hierarchy of three races and classes in the American South white government leaders, Indian landowners, and black slaves Barbara Krauthamer puts the relationships among these three groups under a lens in this book, trying to explain the complicated legal matters and territorial red tape that comes along with the conquering of bodies and lands during the Antebellum, Civil War and Reconstruction eras However, she doesn t make the connection about why we should care or, for that matter, why telling the story of slavery from this new angle is important.Krauthamer is very clearly an academic, which is certainly not a bad thing, but she does not know how to translate research to writing she throws plenty of ideas, knowledge, facts, research, primary sources, etc., down on the page, but she fails to go the step further and explain it in a way that is engaging and relevant to the reader The book seemed to be fairly pointless to me by which I mean it didn t have a clear point or focus or concentration The topic that of Native Americans, largely in the Five Civilized Tribes, holding slaves is hugely important and overlooked in the study of U.S history But the author only makes random points and throws in some testimony here and there without making connections It s a topic rich with in...

  3. says:

    Despite being self proclaimed as a work of African American History, this book is much a piece of Native American historiography.

  4. says:

    Barbara Krauthamer tackles black slavery on Native American lands in a carefully sourced manner than Fay Yarbrough did in Race and the Cherokee Nation Krauthamer explains how the Chickasaw Choctaw, also residing on the Indian Territory that became Oklahoma, didn t repeal slavery until 1866 Even then, emancipation was at the Union s behest, black freedmen living outside the territory weren t given time to move back and apply for citizenship, and the Chickasaw Choctaw were reluctant to grant equal legal rights to the freedmen The disgruntled freedmen organized politically on Choctaw and Chickasaw lands to a greater degree than freedmen did in the Cherokee Nation Finally, the freedmen got full equality in 1887, but this came only as the Dawes Act split apart the tribal governments and forced Native Americans onto small allotments of land Li...

  5. says:

    Krauthamer does a great job of illuminating the role chattel slavery played in Choctaw and Chickasaw communities and how enslaved people experienced bondage, removal, the Civil War, emancipation, and removal within this part of Indian Territory This book is one of many recent texts that unspools a lot of the myths that exist about a uniform solidarity among people of African descent and Native peoples informed by similar racial oppression across American history This isn t to say that ther...

  6. says:

    Understanding Oppression African American Rights Then and Now From the late eighteenth century through the end of the Civil War, Choctaw and Chickasaw Indians bought, sold, and owned Africans and African Americans as slaves, a fact that persisted after the tribes removal ...

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